15 Nov CHILDHOOD OBESITY 4 Research HW CHILDHOOD OBESITY 4 Research HW The study seeks to evaluate the efficacy of school-based programs in treating and managing overw
CHILDHOOD OBESITY 4 Research HW
CHILDHOOD OBESITY 4 Research HW
The study seeks to evaluate the efficacy of school-based programs in treating and managing overweight and obesity among children. Childhood obesity is increasingly becoming both national and global public health concern that has resulted in increased childhood morbidity and mortality. In particular, childhood obesity has catapulted the increase in health problems such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, as well as osteoarthritis later in adulthood (Mahmood et al. 2014). Schools can provide one of the most effective channels through which childhood obesity interventions can be directed. In this respect, policies, procedures, and guidelines have been passed in many nations and states for the implementation of school-based interventions. In the United States, many studies have recommended the utilization of school-based obesity management programs to address the unending crisis of childhood obesity. In light of this concern, this study seeks to investigate the efficacy of school-based interventions in treating and managing childhood obesity. In particular, the study will also assess school methodologies such as incorporation of obesity education into the routine curriculum in minimizing the constantly-increasing cases of obese children population.
Method of Study
The study is also going to use qualitative design in order to examine the perception of children towards school-based obesity management initiatives. Previous studies conducted by Clarke et al. (2015) also sought to investigate the experiences and views of kids who went through school-based obesity management programs. This can help to improve knowledge and understanding of better ways to address the problem of childhood obesity within school settings. In order to provide a comprehensive finding that guides future clinical decision-making, the study will evaluate efficacy of school-based interventions with respect to many key areas. They include cost efficiency of school-based interventions, improvements in physical activities and healthy eating habits following interventions, as well as level of awareness among children on the dangers of childhood obesity and the ways in which it can be averted. Furthermore, effectiveness will be investigated through evaluation of body weight and BMI before and after the introductions of these interventions (Mahmood et al. 2014). Most significantly, cardiovascular fitness and other outcome measures will be investigated. The target population and participants of the study will mainly be school-going children. Both boys and girls with an average age of between 8 and 16 years will be incorporated into the study.
Schools vary in the ways in which they utilize such interventions. For instance, some schools utilize planet health programs that incorporate the teacher training workshops, class lessons, physical education materials, and educational programs that emphasize on enhancing physical activities. These programs also seek to discourage sedentary lifestyles among school-going populations (Mahmood et al. 2014). Other initiatives often embrace strategies such as utilization of banners and logos on water bottles with the purpose of supporting healthy living, embracing healthy diets and discouraging the use of sugar-sweetened drinks. In some cases, schools ensure that children are enrolled in programs such as aerobics dance sessions.
One of the primary reasons for exploring this area of research is the fact that obesity among children is a risk indicator for future obesity during adulthood. This problem has been associated with adverse physical, socioeconomic and mental impacts such as risks for getting non-communicable diseases (Amini et al. 2015). In addition, school-going children face the risk of being socially stigmatized, leading to sadness and loneliness. Moreover, obese kids are most likely to involve themselves in high-risk behaviors as a result of negative stereotyping. Although an urgent intervention is needed to curb the worrying increase in overweight and obese populations, these steps must be informed by widely acknowledged collection of evidences to support positive health outcomes (Amini et al. 2015). The current body of evidence incorporates researches conducted that target their interventions in several contexts such as community centers, home, and schools. In particular, schools have taken the lead in being among the most suitable settings for obesity management since they are distinct in some elements. CHILDHOOD OBESITY 4 Research HW
Result of Study
The effectiveness and capability of school-oriented interventions to prevent obesity among school going children was subjected for review for a period more than 10 year. Reviews of reviews, meta-analysis, reports on children and adolescents, systematic reviews, and interventional studies were used. During the study, four meta-analysis and four systematic reviews were selected for the review. The results indicated that adoption of multifaceted interventions did not significantly affect the anthropometric findings. Even though the duration for intervention is very useful in establishing effectiveness, there is no adequate studies that can appraise the duration. There is a significant difference between boys and girls on how they respond to school-based interventions. Relying on an indicator such as the body mass index to determine obesity prevention among children was determined to seriously misleading. Non-targeted interventions were helpful in solving the issue among the general public as compared to targeted approaches.
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