THEORETICAL NURSING Development and Progress THEORETICAL NURSING Development and Progress was that the processes for theory development were new to nursing and

THEORETICAL NURSING Development and Progress

THEORETICAL NURSING Development and Progress

was that the processes for theory development were new to nursing and

hence, nurses in graduate programs learned strategies for advancing knowledge from other disciplines. This assumption was debunked with the knowledge that nurses were always engaged in knowledge development, driven by their experiences in clinical practice. Because of these assumptions, most of the early writing about theory development was about outlining strategies that should be used, rather than strategies that have already been used in the discipline to develop theories. Theorists themselves did not uncover or adequately discuss ways by which they developed their theories, therefore the tendency was to describe processes that were based on the- ories developed in other disciplines, mainly the physical and social sciences. And an implicit assumption was made that there should be a single strategy for theory development, some claiming to begin the process from practice, and others believing it should be driven by research”—Provided by publisher.

ISBN 978-1-60547-211-9 (hardback : alk. paper) 1. Nursing—Philosophy. I. Title. [DNLM: 1. Nursing Theory. WY 86] RT84.5.M45 2011 610.7301—dc22

2010051628

Care has been taken to confirm the accuracy of the information presented and to describe generally accepted practices. However, the author, editors, and publisher are not responsible for errors or omissions or for any con- sequences from application of the information in this book and make no warranty, expressed or implied, with respect to the currency, completeness, or accuracy of the contents of the publication. Application of this informa- tion in a particular situation remains the professional responsibility of the practitioner; the clinical treatments described and recommended may not be considered absolute and universal recommendations.

The author, editors, and publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accordance with the current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any change in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new or infrequently employed drug. THEORETICAL NURSING Development and Progress

Some drugs and medical devices presented in this publication have Food and Drug Administration (FDA) clearance for limited use in restricted research settings. It is the responsibility of the health care provider to ascertain the FDA status of each drug or device planned for use in his or her clinical practice.

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In Memory of Soad Hussein Hassan, RN, PhD

A maverick— for exemplifying humanism and commitment,

for encouraging feminism and autonomy, for accepting challenge and diversity,

for tolerating rebellion, for sponsoring inquisitiveness,

and for being my mother.

And For teaching me about the courage

to face a life of challenges and an end of life with Alzheimer’s.

LWBK821-FM_pi-xiv 1/8/11 1:30 AM Page iii

R E V I E W E R S

Patricia M. Burbank, RN, DNSc, MS Professor University of Rhode Island Kingston, Rhode Island

J. Carolyn Graff, PhD, MN Associate Professor University of Tennessee Health Science Center Memphis, Tennessee

Rebecca Otten, RN, EdD, MSN, BA Health Administration

Assistant Professor California State University — Fullerton Fullerton, California And Mount St. Mary’s College Los Angeles, California

Linda A. Streit, RN, DSN Dean and Professor for the Graduate Program Georgia Baptist College of Nursing of Mercer

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