Treatments for stimulant-use disorders Discussion Treatments for stimulant-use disorders Discussion There is the lure of the positive effects of stimulants: ele

Treatments for stimulant-use disorders Discussion

Treatments for stimulant-use disorders Discussion

There is the lure of the positive effects of stimulants: elevation of mood, increased alertness, reduced fatigue, increased energy, and relief from boredom. But the feeling of reward that comes from increased dopaminergic neurotransmission that activates the reward system of the nucleus accumbens can quickly lead to obsessive use and dependency. With increased dosages, what were once pleasant effects turn into anxiety, insomnia, irritability, and the need for higher and higher dosages to achieve the desired effect. Successful treatment of stimulant-use disorders must include pharmacology, nonpharmacological treatment, training and reinforcement of behavior change, and supportive social systems.

For this Discussion, consider why treatments for stimulant-use disorders have been ineffective and how treatment might be improved in the future. As you prepare for the Discussion, also take into account the role of the placebo effect as it relates to the treatment of stimulant-use disorders (refer to the Looby and Earleywine article in the Learning Resources).

Write an explanation for why researchers have not found any efficacious treatments for stimulant-use disorders. Include in your explanation an analysis of why previously tested treatments have failed. Be sure to include sociocultural and economic issues and references to the placebo effect in your Discussion. Finally, generate strategies for improving treatment of stimulant-use disorders.

READINGS

Brown, E. S., Tirado, C., Minhajuddin, A., Hillhouse, M., Adinoff, B., Ling, W., . . . Thomas, C. (2010). Association of race and ethnicity with withdrawal symptoms, attrition, opioid use, and side-effects during buprenorphine therapy. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse, 9(2), 106–114.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Döpfner, M., Ose, C., Fischer, R., Ammer, R., & Scherag, A. (2011). Comparison of the efficacy of two different modified release methylphenidate preparations for children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in a natural setting: Comparison of the efficacy of Medikinet® retard and Concerta®—a randomized, controlled, double-blind multicenter clinical crossover trial. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 21(5), 445–454.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Filip, M., Alenina, N., Bader, M., & Przegaliński, E. (2010). Behavioral evidence for the significance of serotoninergic (5-HT) receptors in cocaine addiction. Addiction Biology, 15(3), 227–249.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Advokat, C. D., & Comaty, J. E., & Julien, R. M. (2019). Julien’s primer of drug action: A comprehensive guide to the actions, uses, and side effects of psychoactive drugs (14th ed.). New York, NY: Worth Publishers/Macmillan.

Chapter 6, “Caffeine and Nicotine” (pp. 177-206)

Chapter 7, “Cocaine, the Amphetamines, and Other Psychostimulants” (pp. 217-248)

You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.

Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.

Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.

The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument

Our website has a team of professional writers who can help you write any of your homework. They will write your papers from scratch. We also have a team of editors just to make sure all papers are of HIGH QUALITY & PLAGIARISM FREE. To make an Order you only need to click Ask A Question and we will direct you to our Order Page at WriteDemy. Then fill Our Order Form with all your assignment instructions. Select your deadline and pay for your paper. You will get it few hours before your set deadline.

Fill in all the assignment paper details that are required in the order form with the standard information being the page count, deadline, academic level and type of paper. It is advisable to have this information at hand so that you can quickly fill in the necessary information needed in the form for the essay writer to be immediately assigned to your writing project. Make payment for the custom essay order to enable us to assign a suitable writer to your order. Payments are made through Paypal on a secured billing page. Finally, sit back and relax.

Do you need an answer to this or any other questions?